Veolia's guide to home composting

Grass and hedge clippings, prunings, leaves, fruit and veg peelings or egg shells can be more valuable than you might think, so don’t let them go to waste. When recycled, garden and food waste gets turned into peat-free compost - a nutrient-rich soil conditioner that helps new gardens and plants grow, saving resources and contributing to the circular economy

Five things you must know about home composting

To help residents recycle more, Veolia has provided five easy tips on how to make the most of home composting:

1. Put the right compost bin in the right place.

• Choose a compost bin that fits in your available space and put it in a sunny or semi-shaded position, directly on soil or turf, and away from water courses.

• Place the bin on a soft surface to allow good drainage of excess water, and to help the worms to get in and break down the content.

• If you can only put your compost bin on a hard surface, such as concrete, put some twigs, leaves or existing compost under it.

2. Follow the perfect recipe.

• Make sure you add the right ‘ingredients’.

• Keep a fine 50/50 balance between the ‘greens’, such as fruit and vegetable peelings, soft prunings, and the ‘browns’, which include autumn leaves, cardboard and egg boxes.

3. Master the composition.

• Every few weeks, give your compost a turn with a pitch fork, to aerate it and mix up the contents. 

• This will also allow enough time for them to heat up, leading to faster composting.

4. Give it time.

• It can take between nine and twelve months for your compost to be ready.

• In the spring/summer period there will be more ‘greens’ to use, while in autumn/winter time you will have lots of ‘browns’ available, so you can start composting any time of the year.

5. Close the loop.

• Compost is good to be used when it has a dark brown colour, an earthy, fresh smell, and a crumbly, slightly moist texture.

• Once it's ready, spread this nutrient-rich soil conditioner in your garden, allotment and community space and enjoy watching new flowers, plants or crops grow.

Watch the video below to learn all you need to know about home composting